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Publications available below are strictly for personal or educational use, and in accordance with the applicable copyrights of the individual publishers and in the context of fair use.

2014

"The Electrochemistry of Aqueous Colloidal Graphene Oxide on Pt Electrodes", G. D. O'Neil,
A.W. Weber, R. Buiculescu, N. A. Chaniotakis, and S. P. Kounaves, Langmuir, 2014, (In Press)

"Identification of the Perchlorate Parent Salts at the Phoenix Mars Landing Site and Possible Implications", S. P. Kounaves, N. A. Chaniotakis, V. F. Chevrier, B. L. Carrier, K. E. Folds, V. M. Hansen, K. M. McElhoney, G. D. O'Neil, and A. W. Weber, Icarus, 2014, 232, 226-231, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2014.01.016 Full Text

"Evidence of Martian Perchlorate, Chlorate, and Nitrate in Mars Meteorite EETA79001: Implications for Oxidants and Organics”, S. P. Kounaves, B. L. Carrier, G. D. O'Neil, S. T. Stroble, and M. W. Clair, Icarus, 2014, 229, 206-213, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2013.11.012 Full Text

2013

"The Epic Saga: Quantitative Analysis and the Essence of Doing Good Science"
S. P. Kounaves, The Analytical Scientist, 2013, 1, 10. Full Text PDF

"Comparison of the Phoenix Mars Lander WCL Soil Analyses with Antarctic Dry Valley Soils, Mars Meteorite EETA79001 Sawdust, and a Mars Simulant”, S. T. Stroble, K. M. McElhoney, and S. P. Kounaves, Icarus, 2013, 225, 933-939, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2012.08.040 Full Text PDF

2012

“Stability and Lifetime of Potassium Solid-Contact Ion Selective Electrodes for Continuous and Autonomous Measurements”, K. McElhoney, G. D. O'Neil, N. A. Chaniotakis, S. P. Kounaves, Electroanalysis, 2012, 24, 2071-2078. Abstract - Full Text PDF

"An Electrochemically Based Total Organic Carbon Analyzer for Planetary and Terrestrial On-Site Applications" S. T. Stroble and S. P. Kounaves, Anal. Chem., 2012, 84, 6271–6276, doi:10.1021/ac301704m Abstract - Full Text PDF

"Effects of Extreme Cold and Aridity on Soils and Habitability: McMurdo Dry Valleys as an Analog for the Mars Phoenix Landing Site" L. K. Tamppari, R. M. Anderson, P. D. Archer Jr., S. Douglas, S. P. Kounaves, C. P. McKay, D. W. Ming, Q. Moore, J. E. Quinn, P. H. Smith, S. Stroble, A. P. Zent, Antarctic Science, 2012, 24, 211-228, doi:10.1017/S0954102011000800 Abstract - Full Text PDF

2011

"The Oxidation-Reduction Potential of Aqueous Soil Solutions at the Mars Phoenix Landing Site" R. C. Quinn, J. D. Chittenden, S. P. Kounaves, and M. H. Hecht, Geophys. Res. Lett., 2011, 38, L14202, doi:10.1029/2011GL047671. Full Text PDF

"Carbon-Nanofiber-Based Nanocomposite Membrane as a Highly Stable Solid-State Junction for Reference Electrodes" G. D. O’Neil, R. Buiculescu, S. P. Kounaves, and N. A. Chaniotakis,
Anal. Chem., 2011, 83, 5749-5753.
Full Text PDF

2010

"Soluble Sulfate in the Martian Soil at the Phoenix Landing Site"
S. P. Kounaves, M. H. Hecht, J. Kapit, R. C. Quinn, D. C. Catling, B. C. Clark, D. W. Ming, K. Gospodinova, P. Hredzak, K. McElhoney, J. Shusterman, Geophys. Res. Lett., 2010, 37, L09201, doi:10.1029/2010GL042613. Full Text PDF

"Discovery of Natural Perchlorate in the Antarctic Dry Valleys and its Global Implications"
S. P. Kounaves, S. T. Stroble, R. M. Anderson, Q. Moore, D. C. Catling, S. Douglas, C. P. McKay, D. W. Ming, P. H. Smith, L. K. Tamppari, A. P. Zent, Environ. Sci. Technol., 2010, 44, 2360-64.
Full Text PDF

"Wet Chemistry Experiments on the 2007 Phoenix Mars Scout Lander: Data Analysis and Results"
S. P. Kounaves, M. H. Hecht, J. Kapit, K. Gospodinova, L. DeFlores, R. C. Quinn,
W. V. Boynton, B. C. Clark, D. C. Catling, P. Hredzak, D. W. Ming, Q. Moore, J. Shusterman,
S. Stroble, S. J. West, and S. M. M. Young,
.
J. Geophys. Res., 2010, 115, E00E10, doi:10.1029/2008JE003084 Full Text PDF

"A Perchlorate Brine Lubricated Deformable Bed Facilitating Flow of the North Polar Cap of Mars: Possible Mechanism for Water Table Recharging", D. A. Fisher, M. H. Hecht, S. P. Kounaves, and D. C. Catling, J. Geophys. Res., 2010, 115, E00E12, doi:10.1029/2009JE003405 Full Text

"Atmospheric origins of perchlorate on Mars and in the Atacama", D. C. Catling, M. W. Claire, K. J. Zahnle, R. C. Quinn, B. C. Clark, M. H. Hecht, and S. P. Kounaves, J. Geophys. Res., 2010, 115, E00E11, doi:10.1029/2009JE003425 Full Text

"Habitability of the Phoenix Landing Site" C. R. Stoker, A. Zent, D. C. Catling, S. Douglas, J. Marshall, D. Archer, B. C. Clark, S. P. Kounaves, M. Lemmon, R. C. Quinn, N. Renno, P. H. Smith, and S. Young, J. Geophys. Res., 2010, 115, E00E20, doi:10.1029/2009JE003421 Full Text

2009

"Detection of Perchlorate and the Soluble Chemistry of Martian Soil at the Phoenix Lander Site"
M. H. Hecht, S. P. Kounaves, R. C. Quinn, S. J. West, S. M. M. Young, D. W. Ming, D. C. Catling, B. C. Clark, W. V. Boynton, J. Hoffman, L. P. DeFlores, K. Gospodinova, J. Kapit, and P. H. Smith
Science, 2009, 325, 64-67. Abstract - Full Text PDF

"Evidence for Calcium Carbonate at the Mars Phoenix Landing Site" W. V. Boynton, D. W. Ming,
S. P. Kounaves, S. M. M. Young, R. E. Arvidson, M. H. Hecht, J. Hoffman, P. B. Niles, D. K. Hamara, R. C. Quinn, P. H. Smith, B. Sutter, D. C. Catling, and R. V. Morris, Science, 2009, 325, 61-64. Full Text PDF

"H2O at the Phoenix Landing Site" P. H. Smith, L. K. Tamppari, R. E. Arvidson, D. Bass, D. Blaney, W. V. Boynton, A. Carswell, D. C. Catling, B. C. Clark, T. Duck, E. DeJong, D. Fisher, W. Goetz, H. P. Gunnlaugsson, M. H. Hecht, V. Hipkin, J. Hoffman, S. F. Hviid, H. U. Keller, S. P. Kounaves, C. F. Lange, M. T. Lemmon, M. B. Madsen, W. J. Markiewicz, J. Marshall, C. P. McKay, M. T. Mellon, D. W. Ming, R. V. Morris, W. T. Pike, N. Renno, U. Staufer, C. Stoker, P. Taylor, J. A. Whiteway, and A. P. Zent, Science, 2009, 325, 58-61. Full Text PDF

"Possible physical and thermodynamical evidence for liquid water at the Phoenix landing site", N. O. Renno, B. J. Bos, D. C. Catling, B. C. Clark, L. Drube, D. Fisher, W. Goetz, S. F. Hviid, H. U. Keller, J. F. Kok, S. P. Kounaves, K. Leer, M. Lemmon, M. B. Madsen, W. J. Markiewicz, J. Marshall, C. McKay, M. Mehta, M. Smith, M. P. Zorzano, P. H. Smith, C. Stoker, and S. M. M. Young, J. Geophys. Res., 114, 2009, E00E03, doi:10.1029/2009JE003362. Full Text

"The MECA Wet Chemistry Laboratory on the 2007 Phoenix Mars Scout Lander" S. P. Kounaves, M. H. Hecht, S. J. West, J. Morookian, S. M. M. Young, R. Quinn, P. Grunthaner, X. Wen, M. Weilert, C. A. Cable, A. Fisher, K. Gospodinova, J. Kapit, S. Stroble, P. Hsu, B. C. Clark, D. W. Ming, and P. H. Smith , J. Geophys. Res., 114, 2009, E00A19, doi:10.1029/2008JE003084. Full Text

2008

"Introduction to special section on the Phoenix Mission: Landing Site Characterization Experiments, Mission Overviews, and Expected Science"
P.H. Smith, L. Tamppari, R. E. Arvidson, D. Bass, D. Blaney, W. Boynton, A. Carswell, D. Catling, B. Clark, T. Duck, E. DeJong, D. Fisher, W. Goetz, P. Gunnlaugsson, M. Hecht, V. Hipkin, J. Hoffman, S. Hviid, H. Keller, S. Kounaves, C. F. Lange, M. Lemmon, M. Madsen, M. Malin, W. Markiewicz, J. Marshall, C. McKay, M. Mellon, D. Michelangeli, D. Ming, R. Morris, N. Renno, W. T. Pike, U. Staufer, C. Stoker, P. Taylor, J. Whiteway, S. Young, and A. Zent, J. Geophys. Res., 2008, 113, E00A18, doi:10.1029/2008JE003083. Full Text

"Effects of the Phoenix Lander Descent Thruster Plume on the Martian Surface" D. H. Plemmons, B. C. Clark, S. P. Kounaves, L. L. Peach, N. O. Renno, L. Tamppari, and S. M. M. Young, J. Geophys. Res.,2008, 113, E00A11, doi:10.1029/2007JE003059. Full Text

2007

"
Life on Mars may be hidden like Earth’s extremophiles" S. P. Kounaves, Nature, 2007, 449, 281.

Full Text PDF

"Microbial Detection Array (MDA) - Unambiguous Detection of Microbial Metabolic Activity in Astrobiology Applications", A. Hoehn, K. L. Lynch, J. Clawson, J. B. Freeman, J. Kapit, S. M. M. Young, S. P. Kounaves, and I. I. Brown, SAE Proceedings, ICES 2007, International Conference On Environmental Systems, Proceedings, Chicago, IL, USA, 2007, SAE Document No. 2007-01-3190 . Abstract - Full Text PDF

2005

"Analysis of Simulated Martian Regolith Using a
n Array of Ion Selective Electrodes", S. R. Lukow and S.P. Kounaves, Electroanalysis, 2005, 17, 1441-49. Abstract - Full Text PDF

2004

“Detecting Heavy Metals in Solution Using E-Tongue 3 REDOX Water Quality Sensors on the International Space Station”, Gregory M. Kuhlman, D. Keymeulen, M. G. Buehler, and S. P. Kounaves, 2004 IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings, Vol. 1, 2004, 363-377. Abstract - Purchase Full Text

2003

"Mars Surveyor Program '01 Mars Environmental Compatibility Assessment Wet Chemistry Lab: A Sensor Array for Chemical Analysis of the Martian Soil",
S. P. Kounaves, S. R. Lukow, B. P. Comeau, M. H. Hecht, S. M. Grannan-Feldman, K. Manatt, S. J. West, X. Wen, M. Frant, and T. Gillette, J. Geophys. Res., 2003, 108(E7), 5077-89. Full Text

"Electrochemical Approaches for Chemical and Biological Analysis on Mars" S. P. Kounaves, ChemPhysChem, 2003, 4, 162-168. Abstract - Full Text PDF

"Planar REDOX and Conductivity Sensors for ISS Water Quality Measurements", M. G. Buehler, G. M. Kuhlman, D. Keymeulen, N. Myung, and S. P. Kounaves, 2003 IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings, Vol. 2, 2003, 535-550. Abstract - Full Text PDF

"Planar Arrays Redox Cells and pH Sensors for ISS Water Quality and Microbe Detection", M. G. Buehler, G. M. Kuhlman, D. Keymeulen, N. Myung, S. P. Kounaves, D. Newnam, and D. Lies, SAE Proceedings, International Conference on Environmental Systems, Vancouver BC, Canada, 2003, SAE Document No. 2003-01-2553. Abstract - Full Text PDF

2002

"Geochemical Analysis on Mars" S.P. Kounaves and M.H. Hecht, Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta, 2002, 66, A413. Abstract

"Determination of Geochemistry on Mars Using an Array of Electrochemical Sensors", S.P.Kounaves, M.G. Buehler, M.H. Hecht, and S. West, in Environmental Electrochemistry: Analyses of Trace Element Biogeochemistry, M. Taillefert and T.F. Rozen (Eds) ACS Symposium Series, Vol. 811, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 2002, pp.306-19. Abstract - Full Text PDF

"Microbial Life Detection With Minimal Assumptions", S. P. Kounaves, R.A. Noll, M.H. Hecht, M.G.Buehler, K. Lankford, S. West, in "Instruments, Methods and Missions for Astrobiology IV", R.B.Hoover, G.L.Levin, R.P. Paepe, A.Y.Rozanov (Eds), SPIE Proceedings, Vol. 4495, 137-144, 2002. Full Text PDF 

"Advanced Electronic Tongue Concept",  M.G. Buehler,  G.M. Kuhlman, D. Keymeulen and S.P. Kounaves, 2002 IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings, Vol.1, 2002, 407-416. Abstract

"Voltammetric Measurement of Arsenic in Natural Waters", R. Feeney and S.P. Kounaves, Talanta, 2002  58, 23-31. Abstract - Full Text PDF

2001

"Designing A Water Quality Monitor Using an Array of ISEs",  M.G. Buehler, S.P. Kounaves, D.P. Martin, S.J. West, and G.M. Kuhlman,  2001 IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings, 2001, Vol.1, 331-338. Abstract
- Full Text PDF

"Ultramicroelectrode Arrays Modified With Ionomer-Entrapped Silica Films as Potential Voltammetric Sensors for Cu, Pb and Se", S. P. Kounaves, O.Y. Nadzhafova, V. Tarasov, and S. H. Tan, Analytical Sciences (Supplement - Proceedings of IUPAC ICAS 2001), 17, 2001, 1031-33. Full Text PDF

2000

"Rapid On-Site Analysis of Arsenic in Groundwater using a Microfabricated Gold Ultramicroelectrode Array",  R. Feeney and S. P. Kounaves, Anal.Chem., 2000, 72, 2222-2228
. Abstract - Full Text PDF

"Microfabricated Ultramicroelectrode Arrays: Developments, Advances, and Applications in Environmental Analysis", R. Feeney and S. P. Kounaves, Electroanalysis, 2000, 12, 677-84. Abstract - Full Text PDF

"The Source of the Anomalous Cathodic Peak During ASV with In Situ Mercury Film Formation in Chloride Solutions", M. A. Nolan and S. P. Kounaves, Electroanalysis, 2000, 12, 96-99. Abstract - Full Text PDF

"Adsorptive Stripping Analsis of Trace Nickel at Iridium-Based Ultramicroelectrode Arrays", J. Wang, J. Wang, W. K. Adeniyi, and S. P. Kounaves, Electroanalysis, 2000, 12, 44-47. Abstract - Full Text PDF

1999

"Measuring the Chemical Potential of the Martian Regolith to Generate and Sustain Life", S. P. Kounaves, M. G. Buehler, and K. R. Kuhlman, in Workshop on Mars 2001: Integrated Science in Preparation for Sample Return and Human Exploration (Eds: J. Marshal, C. Weitz), LPI Contribution 991, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, 1999, pp 61. Full Text PDF

The Mars Environmental Compatibility Assessment (MECA) Wet Chemistry Experiment on the Mars '01 Lander", S. M. Grannan, M. Frant, M. H. Hecht, S.P. Kounaves, K. Manatt, T. P. Meloy, W. T. Pike, W. Schubert, S. West, X. Wen, in Workshop on Mars 2001: Integrated Science in Preparation for Sample Return and Human Exploration (Eds: J. Marshal, C. Weitz), LPI Contribution 991, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, 1999, pp 41-42. Full Text PDF

"Determination of Heterogeneous Electron Transfer Rate Constants at Microfabricated Iridium Electrodes", R.Feeney and S. P. Kounaves, Electrochemistry Communications, 1999, 1, 453-458. Abstract - Full Text PDF

"Electrochemistry on Mars", S.J. West, M.S. Frant, X. Wen, R. Geis, J. Herdan, T. Gillette, M. H. Hecht, W. Schubert, S. Grannan, S.P. Kounaves, American Laboratory, 1999, 20, 48-54. Abstract - Full Text PDF

"Microfabricated Array of Iridium Microdisks as a Substrate for Direct Determination of Cu2+ or Hg2+using Square Wave Anodic Stripping Voltammetry",  M. Nolan and S. P. Kounaves, Anal.Chem., 1999, 71, 3567-3573. Abstract - Full Text PDF

"Effects of Chloride Ion Concentration on Mercury(I) Chloride Formation During Ex Situ and In Situ Mercury Deposition with Selected Electrode Substrates and Electrolytes", M. A. Nolan and S. P. Kounaves, Anal. Chem., 1999, 71, 1176-82. Abstract - Full Text PDF

1998

"Failure Analysis of Microfabricated Ir-Ultramicroelectrodes in Chloride Media", M. A. Nolan and S. P. Kounaves, Sensors & Actuators B, 1998, 50, 117-124
. Abstract - Full Text PDF

"Effects of Mercury Electrodeposition on the Surface of Microlithographically Fabricated Ir Ultramicroelectrodes",  M. A. Nolan and S. P. Kounaves, J. Electroanal. Chem. 1998, 453, 39-48. Abstract - Full Text PDF

"Determination of Selenium(IV) at a Microfabricated Gold Ultramicroelectrode Array Using SWASV", S. Tan and S.P.Kounaves, Electroanalysis, 1998, 10, 364-68. Abstract - Full Text PDF

"Analytical Characterization of Microlithographically Fabricated Ir-Based Ultramicroelectrode Arrays", R. Feeney, J. Herdan, M. Nolan, S.Tan, V. Tarasov, and S. P. Kounaves, Electroanalysis, 1998, 10, 89-93. Abstract - Full Text PDF

"Field Evaluation of an Electrochemical Probe for In-Situ Determination of Heavy Metals in Ground Water", J. Herdan, R. Feeney, S. P. Kounaves, A. F. Flannery, C. W. Storment, G. T. A. Kovacs, and R. B. Darling, Env. Sci. & Technol., 1998, 32, 131-136. Abstract - Full Text PDF

1997

"Electrochemistry of the Copper-Nickel Series of Heteropolymetallic Complexes (µ4-O)(N,N-diethylnicotinamide)4Cu4-x(Ni(H2O))xCl6 (x = 0 - 4)", B.Workie, C. E. Dubé, M. L. Aksu, S.P.Kounaves, A.Robbat, and G. Davies, J. Chem. Soc. Dalton Trans., 1997, 10, 1739-45
. Abstract - Full Text PDF

"Fabrication and Characterizaton of a Solid State Reference Electrode for Electroanalysis of Natural Waters with Ultramicroelectrodes", M. A. Nolan, S. H. Tan, and S. P. Kounaves, Anal.Chem., 1997, 69, 1244-47. Abstract - Full Text  PDF

"Voltammetric Techniques", S.P. Kounaves in Handbook of Instrumental Techniques for Analytical Chemistry, F.A.Settle (Ed.) Prentice Hall PTR, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 1997

1996

"Microfabricated Electrochemical Analysis System for Heavy Metal Detection"

R. J. Reay, A. F. Flannery, C. W. Storment, S. P. Kounaves, and G. T. A. Kovacs, Sensors and Actuators B, 1996, 34, 450-55
. Abstract - Full Text PDF

1995

"Electrodeposition of Metal Alloy and Mixed Oxide Films Using A Single-Precursor Tetranuclear Copper-Nickel Complexes", C. E. Dubé, B. Workie, S.P.Kounaves, A. Robbat, M. L. Aksu, and G. Davies, J.Electrochem.Soc., 1995, 142, 3357-65
. Abstract - Full Text PDF

"Microfabricated Electrochemical Analysis System for Heavy Metal Detection", R.J. Reay, C.W.Storment, A.F.Flannery, S.P. Kounaves, and G.T.A. Kovacs, Transducers'95-Eurosensors IX, Proc. 8th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors & Actuators, Digest of Technical Papers 1995, pp. 932-34, (IEEE Cat. No. 95TH8173) Full Text PDF

"Determination of Aromatic Nitriles Using Enzyme-Based Selectivity Mechanisms: 2 - A Nitrilase Modified Glassy Carbon Microelectrode Sensor for Benzonitrile ", T. Z. Liu, Y. Wang, S.P. Kounaves and E.J. Brush, Anal Chem. , 1995, 67, 1679-83. Abstract - Full Text PDF

"Microfabricated Heavy Metal Ion Sensor", G. T. A. Kovacs, C. W. Storment, and S. P. Kounaves, Sensors and Actuators B, 1995, 23, 41-47. Full Text PDF

1994

"An Integrated CMOS Potentiostat for Miniaturized Electroanalytical Instrumentation", R.J.Reay, S.P.Kounaves and G.T.A.Kovacs, 1994 IEEE International Solid State Circuits Conference, Digest of Technical Papers, 1994, pp. 162-63, (Cat.No. 94CH3410-8)
Full Text PDF

"An Iridium-Based Ultramicroelectrode Array Fabricated by Microlithography ", S. P. Kounaves, W. Deng, P. R. Hallock, G. T. Kovacs, and C. Storment, Anal.Chem. , 1994, 66, 418-423. Abstract - FullText PDF

1993

"Determination of Aromatic Nitriles Using Enzyme-Based Selectivity Mechanisms: 1 - An Ammonia GSE Based Sensor for Benzonitrile", Z. Liu, Y. Wang, S.P. Kounaves and E.J. Brush, Anal.Chem., 1993, 65, 3134-3136
. Abstract - Full Text PDF

"Analytical Utility of the Iridium-Based Mercury Ultramicroelectrode with Square Wave Anodic Stripping Voltammetry", S. P. Kounaves and W. Deng, Anal.Chem., 1993, 65, 375-379. Abstract - Full Text PDF

1992

"Pseudopolarography at the Mercury Hemisphere Ultramicroelectrode: Theory and Experiment", S.P.Kounaves, Anal.Chem., 1992, 64, 2998-3003
. Abstract - Full Text PDF

"Acquisition and Presentation of 3D Chromatovoltammographic Data", S. P. Kounaves and D. D Lu, Computers & Chem., 1992, 16, 29-33. Abstract - Full Text

1991

"The Effect of Electrode Surface Morphology on Square Wave Current Response", S. P. Kounaves and W. Deng, J.Electroanal.Chem., 1991, 306, 111-124
. Full Text PDF

"Fabrication and Characterization of an Iridium Based Mercury Ultramicroelectrode", S. P. Kounaves and W. Deng, J.Electroanal.Chem., 1991, 301, 77-85. Full Text PDF

1990

"Iridium Based Ultramicroelectrodes: Development and Use in Electrochemical Analysis" S. P. Kounaves, Platinum Metals Rev., 1990, 34, 131-134
. Full Text PDF

1989

"Carbon Fiber Electrode Cell for Square Wave Voltammetric Detection of Biogenic Amines in HPLC", S. P. Kounaves and J. B. Young, Anal.Chem., 1989, 61, 1469-1472
. Full Text PDF

1988

"An Iridium Based Mercury Film Electrode: Part-II Comparison of Hg-Film Electrode Behaviors: Theory vs Reality", S. P. Kounaves and J. Buffle, J.Electroanal.Chem., 1988, 239, 113-123
. Full Text PDF

1987

"Square Wave Anodic Stripping Voltammetry at the Mercury Film Electrode : Theoretical Treatment", S. P. Kounaves, J. O'Dea, P. Chandrasekhar and J. Osteryoung, Anal.Chem., 1987, 59, 386-389
. Full Text PDF

"An Iridium Based Mercury Film Electrode: Part-I Selection of Substrate and Preparation", S. P. Kounaves and J. Buffle, J.Electroanal.Chem., 1987, 216, 53-69. Full Text PDF

1986

"Square Wave Voltammetry at the Mercury Film Electrode: Theoretical Treatment", S.P.Kounaves, J. O'Dea, P. Chandrasekhar and J. Osteryoung, Anal.Chem., 1986, 58, 3199-3202
. Full Text PDF

"Deposition and Stripping Properties of Mercury on Iridium Electrodes", S. P. Kounaves and J. Buffle, J.Electrochem.Soc., 1986, 133, 2495-2498. Full Text PDF

1985

"Study of the Formation of True Mercury Films for Electroanalytical Applications to Speciation",
S. P. Kounaves, PhD(DSc) Thesis, Universite de Geneve, 1985 Full Text PDF

"The Importance of Concentration Effects at the Electrode Surface in Anodic Stripping Voltammetric Measurements of Metal Ion Complexation at Natural Water Concentrations", A. M. Almeida Mota, J. Buffle, S.P. Kounaves and M. L. Simoes Goncalves, Anal.Chim.Acta, 1985, 172, 13-30. Full Text PDF

1980

"Stripping Polarography and the Reduction of Copper(II) in Sea Water at the HMDE", A. Zirino and S. P. Kounaves, Anal.Chim.Acta, 1980, 113, 79-90
. Full Text PDF

1979

"Studies of Cadmium-Ethylenediamine Complex Formation in Sea Water by Computer Assisted Stripping Polarography", S.P. Kounaves, A. Zirino, Anal.Chim.Acta, 1979, 109, 327-339
. Full Text PDF

1977

"Rapid Determination of Titration Alkalinity of Sea Water by Equilibration with CO2", R. S. Keir, S. P. Kounaves and A. Zirino, Anal.Chim.Acta, 1977, 91, 181-188
. Full Text PDF

"Anodic Stripping Peak Currents : Electrolysis Potential Relationships for Reversible Systems", A. Zirino and S. P. Kounaves, Anal.Chem., 1977, 49, 56-59. Full Text PDF


PATENTS

Total Organic Carbon Analyzer (TOC), S. P. Kounaves, International Patent WO-03104765 Issued 12/18/2003, US Patent No. 7,632,393 Issued 12/15/2009, US Patent No. 8,216,447 Issued 7/10/2012

Microfabricated Array of Iridium Microdisks for Determination of Cu(II) & Hg(II), S. P. Kounaves and M. A. Nolan, Patent No. 6,527,930 Issued March 4, 2003. USPTO Full-Text

Iridium-Based Mercury Microelectrode Array Sensor for Heavy Metals, S. P. Kounaves, G. T. Kovacs, and C.W. Storment, Patent No. 5,378,343 Issued January 1, 1995  USPTO Full-Text

Metals, Metal Alloys, and Metal Oxide Formation by Electrodeposition of Polymetallic Complexes, S. P. Kounaves, A. Robbat, and G. Davies, Patent No.5,277,789 Issued January 11, 1994  USPTO Full-Text




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Last Updated: 10/27/2013

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